Colosseum is the most magnificent amphitheater of Vespasian was started in ancient Rome in 70-72, and finished by Titus in in '80 Some changes were made during the reign of Domitian in 81-96, the Coliseum was an arena for gladiator fights with the ability to accommodate fifty thousand spectators, and others. spectacles - imitation battles at sea, hunting animals, reenactments of battles with mythological subjects executions. In the Early Middle Ages collision is no longer used for performances. Later used for other needs housing, fort, garden religious order, Christian church and career. Today was partially destroyed by the extraction of blocks of stone and earthquakes, but it remains to be one of the great symbols of the Roman Empire and its engineering excellence. Colosseum is one of the most visited attractions of Rome and is associated with the Roman Catholic Church. Every year on Good Friday the Pope leads called. torchlight procession, which begins near the Colosseum.
Colosseum stands near the palace of Nero, built after the burning of ancient Rome in '64 to 8th century was given the name "Koloseo" because situated near Nero's Colossus. The buildings around the Colosseum from the republican period were seized and destroyed at the end of '64, after Nero decides where to build your residence with a huge amount of domestic buildings and gardens with pond. The city had no need of the amphitheater, because only a stone foundation was built by Statiliy Taurus in 29 BC and was quite small. Emperor Caligula began construction of a new amphitheater, but when Claudius became emperor stopped construction. Nero refuses to "use" the old facility now known Statiliy and prefer their own built amphitheater. After the death of Nero, Vespasian took power and back part of the lands of the Roman citizens and began construction of the Colosseum, where the pond was Nero. Construction continues ten years. Colosseum used 4.5 centuries. In 404 was held last gladiatorial combat, and in 523, the last scenes of hunting. Gradually changing audience tastes, but the main cause of fading into the game Colosseum's financial crisis in the Empire and in Italy invasions by barbarian tribes.
It is said that the world stadiums and entertainment facilities are affected by structural solutions to the Colosseum. A few parts are separated seating. Podium or the first part of Roman senators. Fully marble box for the emperor. Above the stage is the part of Roman aristocrats, not involved in the Senate. After the third level is divided into three parts. For the wealthiest citizens - the lowest part, the poorest - the highest part. Top wooden third part was for women of the lower class. Arena, designed for gladiatorial games, performances and hunting scenes, an ellipse - 76 m to 44 m and is made of wood, on which there is a yellow sand hill of Monte Mario. Colosseum has many corridor leading out behind the seats set jam. In danger of accidental amphitheater could be evacuated for five minutes and filled again for fifteen minutes.