Historical and arheologichen reserve "Shoumen Fortress"
Shumen is one of our ancient cities with long history and valuable heritage, the region is a center of important historical events. Here is one of the - old fortress in Bulgaria, the foundations of which were laid back in 3200 years by the Thracians and rebuilt by the Byzantines, Romans and Bulgarians in its history. The castle was declared a Historical and archaeological reserve and is located three kilometers west of the city. It is an attractive tourist destination and is an open air museum. For those who want to learn more about our rich history provides a guide, lectures are lectures in foreign languages, access to the site is provided year-round. Castle remains are complemented by functioning museum to them. The fortress is situated on the territory of an extensive plateau, which spreads a magnificent park. The origin of the name of Shumen has two versions. One is that derived from the name of Tsar Simeon Veliki - Shimionis and the second from the noise of many dense forests surrounding the town. Originally Shumen was in the castle itself, later has grown and spread around. In the Middle Ages Shumen fortress played an important role in the history of the Bulgarian state, of great importance was the proximity to the then Bulgarian capitals Pliska and Preslav. During the Second Bulgarian Kingdom, economic and cultural life flourished here, and is survived Ottoman rule. The whole ancient city was protected behind high stone walls and military installations to 1444, when the castle was burnt and destroyed by the Crusaders Vladislav III and since then has not been reimbursed. There have been many studies and research results are important in the life and military affairs of the population found the remains of 12 churches, four of them side by side, like a religious center, the ruins of an early Byzantine bath, ceramic and gold vessels, exquisite decorations and valuable antique coins. Were studied walls from the Roman and Byzantine era. The towers of the castle bear the imprint of the different eras in which they were built and changed preserved are two reservoirs and citadel. Us remained marked, reflecting the visit of King Shishman in Shumen, is open and plate depicting a dancing man. Among the remains are separate lanes for the convenience of visitors are placed and nameplates. One of the towers was recovered from the top and reveals majestic views of the plateau and the picturesque park. Landmark is connected to hundred tourist sites, there is a seal.