National Archaeological Institute and Museum at the Academy of Sciences - Sofia
Author: Л. Иванова, 1.2 km From Sofia. , Адрес: Sofia, ул. Съборна 2
National Archaeological Institute with Museum is the largest scientific institute for archaeological research in Southeastern Europe. NAIM-BAS is the successor of the National Museum, founded in 1892 and the first Bulgarian Research Institute - Archaeological Institute, established in 1921 (were united in 1949)
Housed in the building of Buyukdzhamiya, which is housed National Museum since its establishment. First Director of the National Museum was Dobruski Vaclav, Czech in origin. He has supervised Starovekovniya department. Head of the numismatic department was Italian Domenico Takeo, and ethnographic - Boris Dyakovich.
The museum is regulated by several laws and regulations with the understanding of the importance of the study and collection of archaeological monuments and antiquities. In 1906 the museum is given the ethnographic department and established its own National Ethnographic Museum. So in 1909, according to the National Education, the National Museum was renamed the National Archaeological Museum, emphasizing its research, teaching and reinforcing the cultural heritage of Bulgaria functions. The museum works closely with the foundation in 1901 Archaeological Society, which in 1921 grew into Archaeological Institute and its first Director Bogdan Filov. For 10 years before (1910-1920), Bogdan Filov was head of the National Archaeological Museum. The work of the museum is connected with the names of many prominent Bulgarians - Rafail Popov, Peter Mutafchiev, Andrew Protic, Gabriel Katzarov Ivan Velkov Miyatev Theatre and others.
The meaning and usefulness of the museum in what to look and establish a national identity of Bulgarians through knowledge of their own history and its presentation to the world. Among his most important roles are instructive and educational. For Archaeological Institute is leading the research work carried out archaeological field research. The task of preservation and restoration of archaeological monuments is a priority for the National Institute for Monuments of Culture.
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