Sofia synagogue and history museum
Author: Л. Иванова, 711 metres From Sofia. , Адрес: Sofia, ул.”Екзарх Йосиф” № 16, Gps coordinates: N 42.7001786 E 23.3244037
Central Synagogue is the only active Jewish prayer house in Sofia. The building was declared a cultural monument, built in the city center, near the Central Market Hall, the site of the old synagogue "Ahab and chesed" (ivr. "love and kindness"). The new building is a project created by esteemed architect Friedrich Gruenanger in a time of change when re-organization of French Jewish community konsistorien model. Construction began in 1905 and was completed in 1909 building has two floors, with a crypt, and it is entered through a large courtyard - a characteristic feature of the Bulgarian Sephardic (Spanish-Jewish) synagogues. According to Jewish tradition, decoration of interior space consists of Venetian mosaics, marble and wood, without the typical Orthodox churches images of saints.
Until 1944 the building of the synagogue was located the famous Jewish library a valuable collection of writings of medieval rabbis. Unfortunately, during the bombing of Sofia in 1944 the synagogue was hit several times, parts of buildings were destroyed, and the library has burned down.
Currently, large prayer hall is closed for restoration. Services are held in the small prayer room at the entrance. Since 1992, the second floor of the synagogue is located at the Jewish Historical Museum Organization of Jews in Bulgaria "Shalom", created to preserve and promote Jewish cultural heritage in Bulgaria. Formed two permanent exhibitions: "The Jewish community in Bulgaria" and "The Holocaust and the rescue of Jews in Bulgaria".
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