The most famous megalithic monument in the world - Stonehenge!
Author: Мариана Иванова, 20.08.2012
The most famous megalithic monument Stonehenge - Cromlech size of about 100 m in diameter. Located in Salisbury Plain, Wiltshire County, UK. The cutting of the ditch and earth were created some 30 centuries before Christ, and to the 24-21 century BC stone structure was built. The current remains of the monument are pale shadows of its former greatness. Many of the stones are gone - some are buried, while others have fallen. The construction of Stonehenge is a cult character associated with the so-called summer solstice. Monument undoubtedly had astrological and religious function to the people who have watched the sunrise over the rock record.
Stonehenge is composed of monolithic columns and slabs that form concentric circles. Recent studies by archaeologists to nnecting the two historical relics. This is proof that Stonehenge completes structures dating back long before the construction of the Blue Stones, which does some archaeologists expression of various ancient rituals and beliefs. Proof of this is found in various excavations human and animal bones.
Anyone who gets into Stonehenge think about its purpose. No inscriptions, bookmarks or notes on building stones - nothing to indicate their origin, nothing to give direction to the research. Ancient Roman and Greek writers mention it. Even the Romans were not impressed by its existence in coming to Britain. They had their temples, their Egyptian pyramids.
Each pillar of which is built the outer circle, weighs about 25 tons, and the plates about 700 pounds. The second circle is formed by much smaller stones. A third and fourth unfinished circle, resembling a horseshoe - they put a group of stones, each of which consists of two vertical slabs of 40 items on which there is a horizontal. The entire facility is surrounded by high earth veil enclosed by a moat, preserved today. Even today, the movement of such burdens would require overload trucks and thousands of years ago they did not exist.