Boyana Church - Sofia
Boyana church is a remarkable monument of Bulgarian and Eastern European art. It is included in the UNESCO World Heritage Site. The church has an ancient and interesting history, built at the foot of Vitosha Mountain, about 8 km from the capital. Initially, in the tenth century the site has raised a small church in eleventh century around fort was erected, and in in the XIII century, the church was extended by order and by means of the then ruler of Sredets (name of Sofia during the Middle Ages) - Sebastocrator Kaloyan. So the old church was built a new building on two floors, in honor of St. Nicholas and St. Panteleimon. Inside the building is completely covered with unique frescoes, most of which are preserved today. The name of the master-painter is unknown, it is believed that belonged to the so-called school. Paleologus renaissance, which is characterized by the pursuit of realism of the images and moving away from strictly canonical images. More than 240 images of apostles, saints and angels are watching us from the walls of the church in Boyana and captured with wisdom, peace and vitality you. It is believed that the oldest among us images of St. Petka (Paraskeva) Tarnovo and St. John of Rila, who is also patron of Bulgarian people are exactly Boyana. Remarkable are the images of King Konstantin Assen Tih and Queen Irina, who was head of the Bulgarian state at the time, and the image of the ruler of Sredets - Kaloyan and his wife Desislava. These are some of the oldest images of historical figures of native history. Founder's inscription dating back to the images painted the exact time of the Temple - 1259 In some places the church in these images show traces of an older layer, which, however, raises less interested in research. With funds collected from the local population in the nineteenth century to the monument is finished another building. One of the last paintings in the Boyana Church made okolo1882, and displayed its patrons - St. Nicholas and St. Panteleimon.