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Rila National Park

Author: Л. Иванова, 2.6 km From Borovets.    
Rila National Park, Picture
Rila National Park, Picture 1Rila National Park, Picture 2Rila National Park, Picture 3Rila National Park, Picture 4

 Rila is the highest mountain on the Balkan Peninsula. The rocks from which they are constructed of 250 million years old. Rila is characterized by its alpine terrain forms - cirques (grooves shaped chair, open on one side), sharp peaks, caves and rocks that were formed during the last glacial period, about 10,000 years.

   The name Rila comes from Thracian "Roula", meaning "much water" - it has over 200 lakes and numerous mineral springs - Sapareva bath Kostenets. The highest lake is Glacial Lake - at 2715 meters, the largest (212 acres) is Smradlivoto lake and the deepest (37.5 m) lake is the Eye of the Seven Lakes. The lakes are found algae, crustaceans, trout. Numerous streams give rise to three of the largest rivers of Bulgaria - Iskar, Maritsa and Mesta.

   "Rila National Park" is the largest of the three national parks in Bulgaria and is one of the largest protected areas in Europe. The park covers the central and highest parts of Rila mountains, including Mount Musala. Designated in 1992 as a national park, and in 1999 was converted into a national as part of it is separated and re-categorized in "Rila Monastery Nature Park"

    National Park "Rila" is designed to protect the pine forest and grassland habitats of rare and endangered species, beautiful landscapes and historical monuments of world importance for science and culture.

The park is located four reserves - Parangalitza, Central Rila Reserve, Ibar and Skakavitsa.

National Park "Rila" and near it there are many monuments of national importance - churches, castles and ruins of ancient cities and roads. Near the park are Rila Monastery - the national historical and architectural reserve and fortress tower at Rila Monastery, which is an architectural monument. At the foot of the park lies the town of Samokov, in which it occurred Samokov School of Painting, founded by Zachary Zograf.


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