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Thracian dolmen near the village of Great Dervent
Most of the valuable architectural structures left us by the ancient Thracians are megalithic tombs. Dolmens are stone cemeteries, monuments of megalithic construction used in our country in the period from IX to VII. Before Christ. The era in which these facilities are designed cemetery without characters, allowing their dating and primarily intended to be based mostly on guesswork. In Bulgaria dolmens of this type are found only in the region of Strandja - Sakar and the Rhodopes, as their existence is severely threatened because of the constant treasure hunting raids and the lack of adequate care. Two of the best - preserved dolmens in Elhovo surely dolmens located south of the border village of Great Dervent. Ancient tombs have been studied by archaeologists in 2005 and 2007 and consist of two stone mounds, unique in its way of construction. According to archaeologists, the ancient Thracians used them for funerals of high-ranking representatives of the tribal aristocracy. The larger dolmen is dated to the IX-VIII. Etc.. Chr. According to archaeologist Daniela Agre, investigating tombs in 2007 it is the largest dolmen discovered in the Thracian lands until now. Dromos (corridor) to the burial chamber is closed, which is rare decision ancient Thracian architecture. And the - the curious thing is that over 800 dolmens known in Bulgaria, Greece and Turkey, it is the only stone necropolis whose front plate is decorated with images: mutual snap snakes, and labrys maze. Ladris had or double ax was a symbol of power and the power of the rulers. Later in the second half of I millennium. Etc.. Chr. and became an emblem of the dynasty Odrisses which formed the most powerful Thracian state organization. Two unique dolmen near the village of Great Dervent are behind border network, the so-called buffer zone between Bulgaria and Turkey. To visit them does not require a special pass. Some of the finds from archaeological excavations of dolmens can be seen in the Ethnographic and Archaeological Museum,. Elhovo.