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Ancient Roman city Ulpia Eskus
Ancient Roman city Ulpia Eskus is located 22 km from the Republic, a town in northern Bulgaria, Pleven region, near the banks of the Danube. The city most - probably originated in the first century AD and is the successor of an ancient Thracian sanctuary. The camp of the Fifth Macedonian Legion was built at a later stage about it. Oescus was named the city with self-management and received the status of a colony after the victory over the Dacians of Emperor Marcus Ulpius Trajan. The town quickly became an important crossroads, with a peak in its development reached in II - III. Then I built and downtown. Oescus is built in typical Roman style this period. The streets were built in the north - south and east - west, and the city has a rectangular shape. The ruins of temples, streets and a large basilica you can see even today, if you visit the ancient city. The town reached its zenith in the fourth century, during the reign of Emperor Constantine the Great, as complex reaches 280 acres. Constantinople became the capital of the Roman Empire, and the banks of the Danube River was built to the standards of a large stone bridge, the opening of which in 328, the Emperor himself arrives here. City is destroyed at the end of VI. By the Avars. Centuries - the latest from X to XIV c. On the remains is another ancient settlement existed. First ancient Roman city Oescus been studied by archaeologists in 1904, 43 years - later found a large public building in which is found a Roman floor mosaic - one of the best - preserved colored mosaics in our land. In the central part and depicts a scene from some comedy. Valuable finding was restored and displayed for visitors at the Regional History Museum in the district town of Pleven. 1965 Ancient Roman city Oescus was declared in the Government Gazette as an architectural monument and in 2011 became the archaeological reserve.